Check before driving! Traffic offences in Japan

parking ticket

photo by Charleston’s

While foreign residents live in Japan, many of them might have opportunities to drive a motor vehicle. Those foreign drivers are required to have an appropriate license such as an international driving permit or Japanese driver’ license, therefore they should also be familiar to traffic rules in Japan. Where there are rules, there also are penalties when drivers violate the rules. But in reality, not many people know what penalty is imposed on each offence. Then, let’s explore examples of traffic offence and corresponding administrative and criminal penalties for Japanese driver’s license holders.

 

Demerit point system

Japan operates a demerit point system for driving offences. Under this system, drivers are issued with demerit points depending on offences or violations they commit, and suspend or revoke their licenses depending on their offence records and accumulated demerit points in the past 3 years. The demerit point system can be broken down into 4 parts.

  • Basic points for common offences
  • Basic points for specific offences
  • Additional points for traffic accidents
  • Additional points for hit and run

Samples of common offence and basic points

Offence

Point

Drink driving points

≧0.25

<0.25

Unlicensed driving

25

 

 

Drink Driving

0.25 or over

25

 

 

Under 0.25

13

 

 

Speeding

50 or over

12

25

19

30(40) or over, under 50

6

25

16

25or over, under 30 (40) 

3

25

15

20or over, under 25

2

25

14

Under 20

1

25

14

Parking offence

No stopping & parking zone

3

 

 

No parking zone

2

 

 

Negligence of traffic light

Red light

2

25

14

Blinking light

2

25

14

 

 Samples of specific offence and basic points

Offence

Points

Vehicular homicide

62

Vehicular Assault

45~55

Drink driving、Drug driving、negligence of duty to aid

35

 

Additional points for traffic accidents

Accident involves

Points

Fatal accident

20

Injury requiring more than 3months treatment. Specific residual disability

13

Injury requiring 30days to 3months treatment

9

Injury requiring 15 to 30days treatment

6

Injury requiring less than 15days treatment. Damage on constructions

3

 

 

 Additional points for hit-and-run

5points is given when a driver causes any property damage by hitting other car or building and runs away.
A driver has 0points when they first obtain a license. Every time he/she violate traffic regulations, points are accumulated. For example, if a driver is negligent the red light, enters the junction without overspeeing, makes a contact with a pedestrian and causes an injury that requires less than 15days treatment: 2points for negligence of traffic light, plus additional 3points for traffic accident, total of 5points will be given to the driver. Also, his/her past offence record will be taken into account to decide administrative and criminal penalties for the situation.

 

Administrative penalties for traffic offences

When a driver commits traffic offences, an administrative penalty might be imposed depending on his/her accumulated demerit points, traffic offence or accident records in the past. For example, if a driver with 0 accumulated point, who has no previous offences or penalties in the past 3years, commit a traffic offence for the first time, his/her license will be suspended for 30days for 6 accumulated points, 60days for 9 accumulated points, 90days for 12 accumulated points, and revoked once accumulated points reaches 15. On the other hand, if a driver who had administrative penalties twice in the past 3years commit another offence, his/her license will be suspended for 90days for 2 accumulated points, 120days for 3 accumulated points, 150days for 4 accumulated points and will be revoked for just 5 accumulated points. The primal rule is, the better the person’s driving record is, the more tolerate the consequence will be. Or badly behaved drivers will have more significant penalties in other words.

 

Criminal penalties for traffic offences

Blue ticket system

As for minor common offences, for example less than 20km/h speeding, a driver might be exempt from being prosecuted and penalties if a driver pay fine by using the payment slip that comes with a notice of traffic offence (blue ticket). The fine can be paid by using the attached payment slip at a bank or Japan Post. The payment of fine is due 7days from the issuing date of blue ticket. The followings are examples of fines for offences by standard sized car.

  • Speeding up to 40km/h over: JPY9,000 – 35,000
  • Parking offence: JPY10,000 – 20,000
  • Negligence of traffic light: JPY7,000 – 9,000

Criminal penalties

On the other hand, drivers who have committed serious cases of common offences or specific offences which are recognized as malicious cases are subject to criminal penalties. In such cases, the driver will receive a notice letter (red ticket) to summon him/her to police and court. In addition, if the case is extremely pernicious, the driver will be arrested and detained. After a red ticked arrived, police and prosecutors interview the driver to investigate the case. Once a prosecution is confirmed, the driver will be brought to trial and penalties such as criminal fine, imprisonment or jail labor will be sentenced. Type of penalties differs depending on each case and there is no answer books. Therefore the below is just a rough ideas of penalties imposed for major offences.

  • Driving while intoxicated: imprisonment for up to 5years, or up to JPY1,000,000 fine
  • Drink driving BrAC 0.15 mg/L or over: imprisonment for up to 3years, or up to JPY500,000 fine
  • Drug driving: imprisonment for up to 3years, or up to JPY500,000 fine
  • Negligence of duty to aid (Hit and run): imprisonment for up to 5years, or up to JPY1,000,000 fine
  • Speeding 50km or more over: imprisonment for up to 6months, or up to JPY100,000 fine

Difference between criminal fine and ordinary fine

A fine applies to only minor cases of common offences. Even though the nature of offence is rather insignificant, these cases are also supposed to be prosecuted to give a sentence. However, it is simply not practical to bring all these number of miscellaneous cases to court, considering the number of cases occurring everyday. Therefore the blue ticket system has been introduced to alleviate the overloaded procedures by letting drivers confirm their offences and pay fines to exempt themselves from the prosecution. After drivers pay the fine, the case is closed and no criminal record will be recorded. A criminal fine, on the other hand, is a crime sanction decided in a court. Therefore there will be a criminal record.

 

Offences by foreign license and international driving permit holders

Despite that no demerit points are accumulated for foreign licenses or international driving permits holders, they are also subject to the same fines and criminal penalties as Japanese license holders if they violates traffic regulations. Foreign license or international driving permit holders follow the same procedures after they receive a blue or red tickets.

 

Safe driving!

So far, we have looked through the outline of administrative and criminal penalties for traffic offences in Japan. You might be familiar with a demerit point system for traffic offences as it is common system in many other countries. In Japan, regulations for drink driving are getting more and more severe. Double check the traffic rules in Japan before you go out and enjoy safe driving!

 


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あきらことほ

Writer

あきらことほ Kotoho Akira

Living outside Japan for a good many years, I often rediscover nice little things about this country every time I return here. I would be more than happy if this column may help you find your "nice little things about Japan"!

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